The basics of skin care

The skin is the largest organ of your body with many functions. Everyone wants beautiful, soft, supple and smooth skin with a youthful appearance. Your skin leaves the traces of life. This way you can see whether you are healthy, drink too much or smoke, but you can also tell your age. Good skin care can slow down the aging process and make your skin look better.

The function of the skin

Your skin is an important part of your body. It is your largest organ with many essential functions. In addition to protection against harmful substances and germs, it also protects against bumps and pressure, it regulates body temperature and the touch ensures that you can feel. The production of sebum keeps the skin oily and sweat glands ensure the secretion of all kinds of waste products from your body. The skin consists of three layers, which are described below per skin layer.


The epidermis is a protective layer and contains a germ and a horny layer. The lower part is the germ layer and new skin cells are formed there and pushed upwards. If they get into the top layer of the epidermis, they die. However, they still have an important function because they serve as armor against pathogens and prevent the skin from drying out. The stratum corneum has different thicknesses on the body. For example, it is much thicker on the soles of your feet than on your eyelids, for example. Dead cells are shed and replaced by a new germ layer. The skin takes an average of 28 days to complete this renewal process from sprouting to dying. The pigment cells are also located in this skin layer.


This layer consists of connective tissue that contains many blood vessels that supply the skin with nutrients and oxygen and regulates temperature. The fabric resembles a bundled elastic net of fibers and this flexible layer has great resistance. The dermis also contains sweat glands that are important for heat regulation. Sweat comes out through the skin pores when you get very hot. The dermis also contains hair roots, nerve endings, muscle fibers, sebaceous glands and lymphatic vessels.

Hypodermis (subcutaneous connective tissue)

The subcutaneous tissue consists of loose connective tissue in which fat cells are stored. This fat layer provides heat insulation and serves as protection against external pressure. It also serves as a food reserve. Nearly two-thirds of body fat is stored in the subcutaneous tissue. The fat content is higher in overweight people.


Collagen is a fiber protein that retains water in the dermis. As you get older, collagen changes, causing the skin to lose firmness, look less smooth and become less elastic. Be careful with the sun’s ultraviolet rays: this destroys collagen, causing the skin to age prematurely. Moreover, it is dangerous for skin health.

Beautiful skin

Everyone wants beautiful, soft and supple skin that gives a youthful appearance. We all want to look young and healthy. The skin leaves traces of the life you lead. You can also tell a lot from the skin: whether someone smokes, drinks too much or whether you are not healthy. Your skin shows your approximate age and facial expressions determine what you look like. Laugh lines are part of your personality.

Basic knowledge of skin care

By taking good care of your skin you cannot stop the aging process, but at most you can slow it down somewhat. Try to avoid excessive sunlight and smoking. In addition, you must clean the skin properly. This is especially important at night because your skin is busy repairing itself during sleep. Soap can have the wrong effect due to the acidity of the skin. If the acidity is affected, all kinds of harmful external influences such as bacteria, fungi and viruses can penetrate the skin. All kinds of skin problems can arise, such as oily skin, acne, itching or eczema.


Preferably use soap that has the same acidity as the skin. The skin has a pH value of 5.5. It is therefore safe to use a soap with the same pH value so that the protective acid layer of the skin remains intact. Cleanse the skin well so that the drainage channels of sweat and sebum remain open so that it does not accumulate. If you want to cleanse the skin even better, you can open the pores of your face with a steam bath. To do this, sit for ten minutes with a towel over your head, over a bowl of hot water. You can also add chamomile or basil leaves. It is best to do this in the evening before going to bed, so that the skin can recover optimally.

Skin types

There are four types of skin types that can be roughly divided into four categories, namely: normal, oily, dry and combination skin. It is important to know what skin type you have so that you can apply the right skin care. The skin types are discussed below:

Normal skin

This skin type is not dry or oily and is called normal skin. Many young people who do not have oily skin have normal skin. This skin also requires good care such as daily cleansing and needs to be boosted occasionally. If neglected, there will be more signs of aging and wrinkle formation. In freezing temperatures or heated rooms, this skin type is at risk of becoming dry.

Fat skin

You often see this in young people because the sebaceous glands are overproductive due to the influence of hormones. Sun’s skin often shines and has enlarged pores. This increases the chance of pimples and blackheads. Adults with oily skin are less likely to develop facial wrinkles. Oily skin needs to pay more attention to cleansing because it attracts more dirt than dry skin. Beware of soap and other degreasing products, because they can stimulate the production of fat because the sebaceous glands produce more. The skin is best cleansed in a mild manner.

Dry skin

This skin has too little fat or moisture and usually occurs in people aged thirty to forty. The skin is fragile and easily irritated. Complaints that may arise as a result are: itching, rough spots and cracks. Dry skin can occur because sebaceous glands produce too little, due to freezing cold, dry environment, chlorinated water or too hot baths. Dry skin feels tight after showering and can also look really dry, such as the small flakes that can appear. A moisturizer can provide improvement. Using skin oil or bath oil can help prevent dehydration.

Combined skin

Combination skin involves different skin types in a person. The skin of the forehead, nose and chin (the so-called T-zone) is often oily and the rest of the skin, including the cheeks, is normal or dry. But it may also be that the cheeks, for example, are very fat. This skin type is common and is often treated incorrectly. The treatment should be separate for the different locations. Both the dry and oily zones must be provided with moisture.

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