Thrombosis, what and how?

Thrombosis causes clots to form in the blood, which can cause cerebral infarctions and heart attacks, among other things. Every year, 15,000 to 30,000 people are affected by thrombosis.

How does thrombosis occur?

Thrombosis usually occurs in the leg, so it is also called venous thrombosis. There are various causes, including arteriosclerosis and slow blood circulation (this is caused by insufficient exercise, for example in bedridden people).

How do you recognize thrombosis?

It is often discovered because the person develops a sore leg, walking becomes difficult and the leg can become swollen.
If one of the clots breaks loose, it can get stuck in the lungs, which is called a pulmonary embolism. With a pulmonary embolism you may experience shortness of breath, chest pain and coughing up blood.

Arterial thrombosis

If the thrombosis occurs in the arteries, we call it arterial thrombosis. This form of thrombosis can cause cerebral and myocardial infarctions. Arterial thrombosis is often caused by high cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure or diabetes.

What can I do about it?

Anticoagulants are taken for a thrombosed leg. A support stocking can also help. This promotes blood circulation and also prevents swelling of the leg. A support stocking is custom made.

Keep moving

On long car rides, stop every hour and walk a bit. During a flight, it is advisable to regularly do some stretching exercises and walk along the walking path.

The pill and thrombosis

The pill increases the risk of thrombosis, especially in the first 6 months. Smoking also increases the risk of thrombosis. However, the biggest culprit is surgery, especially in the area of the legs (hip, knee). People who have cancer or have just given birth also have an increased risk of thrombosis. As mentioned, the causes of arterial thrombosis are high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes. So try to stop smoking and eat healthily, especially if you have a hereditary condition.

Is thrombosis hereditary?

That is not entirely clear. In 50% of people with thrombosis, the cause of the disease is unknown. It is true that 25% of patients have a hereditary factor that increases the risk of thrombosis. However, if you have that factor, it does not mean that you will actually develop thrombosis. You can easily check whether you have this hereditary factor by having some blood taken and tested.

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