High blood pressure dangerous

High blood pressure often has no clear cause but can be caused by poor diet, smoking or alcohol. High blood pressure is often not immediately noticed. Blood pressure is checked regularly during pregnancy, because high blood pressure poses risks for mother and child. Older people are more likely to suffer from elevated blood pressure. Is this dangerous and how can blood pressure be lowered?

What is blood pressure?

Blood pressure refers to the pressure in the arteries. The arteries transport blood from the heart to all organs/tissues. The flow of blood creates a certain pressure in the arteries. Blood pressure has an upper pressure and a lower pressure that have to do with the functioning of the heart. The upper pressure is determined by the contraction of the left ventricle, which creates pressure in the large artery. The negative pressure is determined by the moment when the left ventricle refills with blood. The upper pressure and lower pressure are displayed one after the other, separated by a “/”. The number for the upper pressure indicates the maximum pressure, the number for the negative pressure indicates the minimum pressure. It is important that this pressure has the correct ratio. A blood pressure of 120/80 is normal blood pressure. A slightly higher blood pressure is also normal, but one must be careful that it does not increase. A blood pressure of 160/90 or higher indicates high blood pressure.

High bloodpressure

High blood pressure is also called hypertension. Blood pressure can be measured with a blood pressure monitor. Previously, this could only be done through a doctor, but nowadays anyone can buy a blood pressure monitor. This consists of a cuff that goes around the upper arm and is connected to the meter. The cuff is inflated, nowadays often automatically, causing the arteries in the upper arm to be closed. The pressure exerted by the cuff is higher than the upper pressure in the artery when blood no longer flows through the arteries. By gradually releasing some pressure from the cuff, blood will flow through the arteries again at some point. at that moment the upper pressure is determined. When the pressure of the cuff is lower than the negative pressure, the negative pressure has also been determined. High blood pressure can therefore be quickly determined with the help of a blood pressure monitor.

Cause

The cause is often impossible to determine. In a small number of people, high blood pressure is caused by too much salt in the diet. People who eat a lot of licorice are also more likely to suffer from high blood pressure. The use of alcohol has the same effect, just like smoking. In addition, long-term stress can cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure is more common in the elderly.

Is high blood pressure serious?

High blood pressure is less serious than low blood pressure. Although both can cause health problems, this is significantly less so with high blood pressure. There are often no clear symptoms, which is why many people walk around with high blood pressure without knowing it. Sometimes one feels dizzy, especially when standing up suddenly. Tinnitus also sometimes occurs. If you have severe high blood pressure, palpitations may also occur and you may feel ill.
Temporary high blood pressure is not dangerous. But if blood pressure is not lowered, the artery wall can eventually become damaged. This can cause arteriosclerosis. This in turn increases the risk of a stroke or heart attack.
High blood pressure during pregnancy is dangerous for both mother and child. The mother’s kidneys and liver work less well and the mother receives less blood. With severely high blood pressure, the mother can become very ill in a short time and sometimes have convulsions. The placenta can detach and in very serious cases the mother can die. This is known as HELLP syndrome.

Lower blood pressure

If your blood pressure is slightly elevated, it can be lowered by living a healthy lifestyle: no liquorice, no salt, no smoking and no alcohol. Obesity should be avoided, just like stress. In case of more serious elevated blood pressure, the doctor can prescribe medications that lower blood pressure. Sometimes diuretics will also be prescribed. Blood pressure should be checked regularly by the doctor. Sometimes the doctor’s blood pressure is always higher as a result of tension. You can then purchase a blood pressure monitor yourself to measure your blood pressure at home.

read more

  • Preeclampsia
  • Headache and nosebleed
  • Is salty food bad?
Scroll to Top