Signs of old age or certain skin conditions such as rosacea (broken blood vessels in the face) or pigment spots can be very unsightly and can be treated with laser treatment. This can be used to cauterize blood vessels or remove a thin layer from the skin surface so that new skin tissue can grow back. What does laser treatment entail and what is it used for?
Benefits of laser treatment
Laser treatment only destroys the tissue being treated. This keeps bleeding to a minimum. It can be used for various skin and blood vessel disorders. In this way, skin aging and the harmful effects of exposure to excessive sunlight can be treated. A clearly visible result can be achieved where the skin looks a lot fresher.
The effect of the treatment
This depends on the power, wavelength, duration of exposure and the tissue being treated. It can be used for various skin conditions. It is used, for example, as a treatment against wrinkles, varicose veins or couperose. Couperosis is a condition in which a network of blood vessels develops shortly beneath the skin surface, causing the face to turn red. Pigment spots or tattoos can also be removed.
Types of treatments
The type of laser and its wavelength determine the application. For example, there are special lasers that are intended to target melanocytes (pigment-forming cells in the skin) to treat pigment problems. Carbon dioxide lasers can vaporize tissue and are used to smooth out skin blemishes. There are also lasers that are mainly used to treat or caulk blood vessels.
Vascular skin problems
Vascular disorders involve problems related to the blood vessels. These include spider naevi (small red spot with small, radiating, spider-shaped dilated capillaries), rosacea, port-wine stains and strawberry spots. Lasers to treat these problems target the hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Blood vessels are destroyed because heat is generated. Nowadays, these lasers contain cooling facilities, which means that the treatment no longer has to be so painful and causes less bruising. It penetrates deep into the skin, so that deeper blood vessels can also be treated and the top layer of the skin is not damaged.
Laser treatment for couperose
Couperose is a form of varicose veins in the face. They are burst blood vessels just beneath the skin surface, causing redness in the face. It often occurs as a result of excessive exposure to UV radiation from sunlight. In the past, the patient was at risk of scars remaining after treatment, but nowadays it is possible to remove the blood vessels without too much bruising. There is a risk that the rosacea will return within a few years.
These lasers can remove tissue in a very precise way and ensure evaporation or removal of the top layer of the skin. The underlying layer remains intact. They can be used to treat blood vessel problems and excessive pigmentation, as well as to remove warts and irregularities due to acne, sunlight or aging. Bleeding is kept to a minimum during treatment. The chance of success is high with this treatment and the skin looks better.
In addition to the advantages, this treatment also has some disadvantages. These are:
- Recovery can take months
- The skin may remain red for a long time
- There is a chance of discoloration of the skin
- It looks strange for a few weeks, which is why the patient prefers not to go outside
- The skin is very rough after the procedure. This makes the skin susceptible to infections
- Patients with a dark skin color often suffer from permanent discoloration of the skin
With a non-ablative laser, the skin is not vaporized and no heat is produced. This can be used to treat wrinkles or scars. It stimulates the production of collagen, which plumps up the skin. Slight irregularities are corrected so that the skin looks better. The advantage of these laser treatments is that the skin is not damaged, so no recovery time is required and that it can be used for all skin types. The disadvantages are that improvements may be slower and less visible.
Laser for other skin conditions
A laser treatment can also be applied to, for example, a pigmented tumor such as sebaceous gland hyperplasia. There are customized lasers for the removal of tattoos and pigment changes. Having a tattoo removed is not always successful. It depends on the color of the tattoo. For example, a tattoo with a lot of black and blue is relatively easier to remove. Tattoos with a lot of red or yellow are a lot more difficult to remove.
- Cosmetic surgery: facelift for a younger appearance
- Cutis laxa: extremely sagging skin due to a hereditary condition
- Skin disorders: blood vessel abnormalities
- Skin care: age spots
- Skin aging agents: threats to your skin