Corns or also known as bunions are thickened hard layers of dead skin. Your skin forms these painful lumps to protect itself from pressure. This is usually due to wearing ill-fitting footwear. Corns usually disappear when the pressure decreases, but they can still be annoying in everyday life.
What is a corn?
A corn is a small bunion on or between the toes. Calluses and corns are common, not serious and easy to treat. The skin where this corn will be located will usually have a thick and hardened skin layer with an average diameter of half a centimeter. Your skin forms these painful lumps to protect itself from pressure.
There are two types of corns: Hard corns that usually appear on the little toe due to repeated friction and soft corns that will occur between the toes. The main cause of these corns is often wearing shoes that are too narrow, which press the toes together.
What to do with corns?
Corns will eventually disappear on their own as the skin will repair itself. However, this can take a while because people often walk around and there is always some friction. However, you can have the corn removed or promote the healing process somewhat and ensure that the pain remains tolerable:
- First and foremost, it’s important to ditch those tight shoes and wear shoes that give your toes plenty of room. Always buy shoes that leave at least one centimeter of space.
- Do not cut or scratch your corn yourself. If necessary, have this done by a specialized pedicure.
- Let them soak in warm water for a while until it softens. Then rub it gently with a pumice stone. Be careful not to scrape off too much skin.
- Some calluses that do not bother you should not be removed, sometimes they simply serve to protect the skin against wear and tear.
When to go to the doctor?
If your corn or callus starts to become very painful, red, inflamed, or ulcerated, see a doctor to avoid further infection.
People with diabetes should also go to the doctor if they suffer from corns. The feeling and blood flow may be reduced in someone who suffers from diabetes.
If you simply want to remove the corn or other bothersome calluses, you can always visit a specialized pedicure or chiropodist. A podiatrist will help you with foot problems, but can also advise you on which footwear suits you.