The color of your gums, but also that of a dog, can tell you whether they are healthy or diseased. If it is pink, pale, white or inflamed red in color, then you know where you stand. Pink is fine, but what causes pale and white gums and what can you do about it? It is probably Candidosis or thrush.
The color of the gums is important
The color of your gums is an important indication of your health and oral hygiene:
- A pink color of gums and oral mucosa indicates healthy gums;
- Red gums are inflamed gums;
- White or pale gums are usually caused by a well-known fungus, Candida albicans, but this can also have other reasons, more about which later;
- Black gums are rare. It is a dead piece of gum, a bruise or the result of a root canal treatment or gum surgery.
Pink gums are healthy, do not bleed easily, are well connected to the teeth and do not hurt. But yes, periodontal disease and pale gums are also common. I limit myself here to the causes of pale gums.
Have pale gums
You may have pale gums, but also pale spots on the gums. Pale spots, often red-rimmed, are referred to as canker sores. These are small painful sores in the mouth that can occur, for example, if you drag your toothbrush, which can cause small wounds in the membrane of the mouth. White gums are not limited to a few spots, but the entire mouth. It can occur for a number of reasons:
- By surgery;
- Due to an oral fungal infection.
After surgery, an infection can develop, resulting in tissue death and pale gums. But fortunately, in most cases this will not be the case and white gums are associated with a fungal infection. The yeast Candida albicans, which also occurs elsewhere on the body, usually does not cause any problems, but if the balance in the body is disturbed and there is insufficient resistance, this does happen. In small children or a baby there may be thrush, in adults we speak of Candidosis. The pale color can also be on your tongue. It can be removed, but remains painful afterwards.
Candidosis, symptoms and causes
The fungal infection Candidosis mainly occurs as a condition if:
- You inhale medicine;
- With chemotherapy;
- When using antibiotics;
- In case of anemia, a deficiency of iron;
- In case of a vitamin B deficiency.
Healing pale gums
In order to effectively tackle the fungal infection, it must first be clear which situation applies to you. For example, if you inhale medication due to asthma, it can be determined whether there is an alternative for you. After chemotherapy, the gums should also recover as soon as your resistance improves again. In case of anemia, the GP will have to determine the cause in order to take appropriate measures. People often think that white gums indicate anemia, but a lack of vitamin B can also be the cause. More specifically, vitamin B12 ensures the production of red blood cells in your body and can therefore prevent and remedy anemia. Vitamin B12 is found in animal foods and nutritional supplements. Therefore, do not leave white gums untouched, but go to your doctor, because in most cases he can quickly help you or refer you.