Metatarsal bone fracture, treatment of Jones fracture

An unfortunate movement, you step or you get your foot in something. The foot is made up of a fine-meshed bone structure and is therefore extra sensitive to bone fracture. It can happen to anyone that the outside of the foot starts to swell or hurt, although there may be no immediate reason for this. Because the pain can be limited, the condition is often not quickly recognized as a fracture. What are the symptoms of the Jones fracture and how is a metatarsal bone fracture treated?

Metatarsal bone fracture: Jones fracture

  • Unfortunate movement as a reason
  • Position of the Jones fracture
  • Distinguish between swelling or rupture
  • How is metatarsal bone fracture treated?
  • The prospects


Unfortunate movement as a reason

A common situation is that we make a mistake in the number of steps on a staircase. You think you have already reached the bottom or that you still have one more step to go. You step, which puts considerable strain on your foot and ankle. It could mean spraining your ankle or breaking a metatarsal bone. In addition, it may happen that you get your foot caught in something or that you kick something hard. Many reasons can cause you to have a fracture. Where is that break and what do you notice?

Position of the Jones fracture

In line with the little toe, halfway down the foot is the metatarsal V, or the fifth metatarsal bone. When a crack or fracture occurs, whether it is recognized or not depends on how it is detected. A foot in the door, followed by pain and swelling on the spot, is of course a good indication that something is wrong. But recognition is not always clear. A fracture of this bone is called a Jonas fracture.

Distinguish between swelling or rupture

We always expect a lot of pain when a bone breaks. However, this does not have to be the case. Swelling will always occur, because a tear is not uncommon and causes tissue to become irritated. It causes the foot to swell completely or very locally. People often think that it is a bruise, but it is actually a broken bone structure. Some patients with the condition may have severe pain, making it quickly recognized. In both cases, a photo will have to be taken to determine whether there is actually a fracture.

How is metatarsal bone fracture treated?

If it concerns an uncomplicated fracture, the foot is preventively wrapped with a plaster splint. A complete recovery occurs after a month and a half in approximately 80% of patients. Because this part of the foot has poor blood circulation, recovery can be slow, which means that improvement of the foot may take some time. Particularly for athletes, surgical intervention will be preferred to promote accelerated recovery. This may also apply in normal cases, if wearing a plaster cast has not had the desired result.

The prospects

With a standard fracture, the foot should not be moved to ensure optimal recovery. The fracture grows back together automatically, so that it has a complete bone structure again. It means that the foot and ankle must be in a plaster cast, whereby the foot always has the same position. This gives sufficient time for recovery so that you can walk normally again after a month and a half.
If you only have symptoms of swelling, it could be a broken bone. Bones must be given time to recover so that their function returns to normal. If in doubt, always have yourself examined by your GP or go to the hospital.

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