3 weeks pregnant: the first symptoms or characteristics may now appear. Implantation can be felt or noticed by blood loss. This can be pink, red or brown in color. Typical pregnancy symptoms include nausea, tender breasts, mild abdominal cramps, increased discharge, rumbling intestines and having to urinate more often. This is all caused by the HCG hormone. This hormone is also measured by a pregnancy test. But can you perform a test so early?
3 weeks pregnant
Many women wonder when they talk about a 3-week pregnancy. Sometimes this is unclear, because what is 3 weeks of pregnancy for one woman is suddenly 5 weeks for another. So let us first clarify this. A pregnancy. Calculated from fertilization or fusion between egg cell and sperm cell, it takes a total of 38 weeks. People often talk about 40 weeks of pregnancy. This has to do with the fact that doctors prefer to maintain the menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle begins on day 1 with menstruation. Ovulation occurs around day 14, and day 28 is the last day of the cycle. We assume the average here, a shorter or longer cycle also occurs. Pregnancy begins to count on day 1 of the menstrual cycle, even if the woman is not yet pregnant. Around day 14, the moment of ovulation, the woman is 2 weeks pregnant. Fertilization still has to take place.
Fertilization takes place after ovulation: within 24 to 48 hours. After 48 hours the egg may still be alive, but is often no longer ‘fertile’. If sperm cells are already present at the time of ovulation, fertilization can take place quite quickly. It is assumed that the egg is also fertilized around ovulation: that is, two weeks of pregnancy. 3 weeks of pregnancy is when the woman has reached the 21st day of the cycle. The 21st to 27th day is called week 4 or 3 weeks pregnant.
Symptoms during this period
Some women believe they have felt fertilization at 2 weeks. This is impossible. What can be felt is ovulation. This can be felt as a mild cramp on one side, left or right. Nothing can be felt during fertilization. When the egg is fertilized, it travels to the uterus. The uterus prepares for the implantation of the egg. The egg cell starts dividing. One cell becomes two, two becomes four, etc. When the egg cell has arrived in the uterus, it does not implant itself immediately. The egg cell is not ready for this yet. First, the egg must have divided to at least 64 cells. Only then will a bud develop on one side of the egg cell, which makes implantation of the egg possible. The egg has now undergone 6 cell divisions, which takes 6 days. It can therefore be said that the egg cell is able to implant itself 6 days after fertilization. Depending on the moment of fertilization, implantation takes place 1 day before 3 weeks of pregnancy or at 3 weeks of pregnancy.
Implantation can be felt as a mild cramp, similar to the beginning of a period. Bleeding may also occur. During implantation, the blood vessels that run through the uterine wall are damaged by air, resulting in blood loss. The woman notices pink discharge, bright red bleeding or brown discharge. This final brown discharge usually occurs one to two days after implantation. This concerns so-called old blood.
From the moment of implantation, the placenta, which will continue to develop, starts secreting the HCG hormone. This hormone ensures that the body becomes aware of a pregnancy. This prevents expulsion of the fruit. Moreover, this hormone controls the growth of the fruit. The HCG hormone also causes typical pregnancy ailments such as nausea, frequent urination and rumbling intestines. The breasts also become more sensitive and there is more discharge (white discharge) during pregnancy. These symptoms often occur around 4 to 5 weeks of pregnancy. Sensitive women sometimes notice one or more of these symptoms as early as 3 weeks of pregnancy. Symptoms include: nausea (especially in the morning), tender breasts, more white discharge, more frequent urination, mild abdominal cramps.
Take a pregnancy test
As tempting as it is, taking a pregnancy test when you are just 3 weeks pregnant doesn’t make much sense. The test measures the HCG in the urine. Immediately after implantation, the placenta starts producing the hormone, but this is so little that a test cannot yet detect this. Most pregnancy tests measure an amount of at least 25 iu/l or 25 miu/ml. This corresponds to an average gestational age of 4 weeks. Yet there are women who reach the 25 miu/ml much earlier. For some women it is therefore possible to take a test halfway through the three weeks of pregnancy. However, it is not recommended: half of all pregnancies end before four weeks of pregnancy. Often this early miscarriage occurs around the expected menstrual period and the pregnancy is not noticed. Anyone who has already taken a test before may be faced with a very big disappointment.
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