We can regard parapsychology as a scientific attempt to gain a better understanding of a group of apparitions that occur, but are impossible according to science.

Spontaneous cases and experimental research

In practice, parapsychologists engage in two types of research. On the one hand, there is the study of spontaneous cases, which means that people believe they have experienced something paranormal, such as a ghostly apparition they have seen or a predictive dream. On the other hand, there is the study of experimental research, in which people and animals are tested for their paranormal abilities under controllable conditions. This is usually done in specialized laboratories.

Still doubts

Meanwhile, parapsychology is already a century old and yet the results are anything but spectacular. Scientists still have doubts about the existence of the paranormal, and that is because some apparitions have been proven.


Spontaneous cases of clairvoyance face two major problems. First, the apparitions are usually over by the time the investigator arrives on the scene. Verification is therefore practically impossible, so that one is forced to rely on the reports of the witnesses. That’s the second problem. What the observer says during the observation can be a deception, can be misinterpreted or misinterpreted. Spontaneous cases can therefore at most be an indication for further research, but never be used as evidence. Not only spontaneous cases cause problems, laboratory tests also make themselves heard. The only major problem is that the research results are not replicable. If proof could be found once, it would no longer yield positive results the next time.


Parapsychology has recently stopped dealing with spontaneous clairvoyant observations because too much deception has occurred in these investigations. The scientists are now considering the laboratory tests. They hope to soon find an experiment that can be repeated, because then they will be one step closer to proof of the existence of clairvoyance. Until they find such a test, they cannot prove anything.

Difficulties of science

Science must study all phenomena soberly and must situate them in the context of total science, next to and among other sciences of experience. There are several reasons why science has difficulty investigating clairvoyance:

  • Reason 1: the frequency. Clairvoyance is much less common than normal vision. This is no reason for science to stop research because solar eclipses, for example, are much less common than solar days.
  • Reason 2: doubt. A large number of processes and phenomena, which are referred to as clairvoyant, are almost always perceived with doubts. Many people therefore doubt whether what they have seen really has to do with clairvoyance. Science may not reject everything as nonsense, but it is very critical of everything that has to do with clairvoyance.
  • Reason 3: is related to reason 2 and consists of the explanation. So many studies have been done, but science is still doubtful, hesitant and sometimes even dismissive of clairvoyance.
  • Reason 4: Science has a hard time with the term ‘parapsychology’ because it represents the teaching of the occult, the secret. This in turn gives science a reason to no longer concern itself with it. What makes science shudder most is the fact that clairvoyants are sometimes regarded as superhumans. So they have power over other people and can exert different forces on them.


read more

  • What is clairvoyance?
  • Science and clairvoyance
  • Clairvoyant observations
  • Clairvoyance; general and examples
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