A baby’s skin looks very different from the skin of an elderly person. As we get older, the structure of the skin and hair changes. A number of influences come from outside, such as the premature aging of the skin due to excessive exposure to sunlight or slowing down the aging process by using a moisturizer. How does the skin develop from young to old and what can you do to take optimal care of the skin?
The change of the skin
The skin of a small child is smooth, soft and fragile while the skin of an elderly person is full of wrinkles and mottled. The skin and hair change as we get older. This is partly due to hormonal changes and harmful external influences such as UV radiation from the sun. Most people have problems with their skin at some point, for example due to allergies, eczema or another form of skin irritation.
How the skin changes
Some changes to the skin are due to the aging process and unfortunately this cannot be stopped. The structure of the tissue changes due to the influence of hormones (menopause) or due to a certain condition. Outside influences also play a role. Someone who has worked outside a lot, and has therefore been exposed to sunlight, has more signs of aging due to the UV radiation of the sun than someone who has always been indoors. How the skin develops from young to old is discussed below.
The skin surface of a newborn baby is much larger than the volume of the body. This makes baby skin more vulnerable to heat and moisture loss. Therefore, a baby can dehydrate more quickly than an adult. Just after birth, the baby still has hormones from the mother in its body, which stimulate the sebaceous glands. A baby’s blood vessels react more quickly, causing the skin color to suddenly change from pink to red. Make sure you dress a baby properly, so not too cold or too warm. A baby’s resistance is not yet fully developed, which means that babies can quickly suffer from conditions such as diaper rash due to irritation due to contact with urine. A baby’s skin is much more sensitive to chemical, physical and microbial attacks.
There may be a hereditary predisposition with external influences that cause common skin abnormalities in children, such as atopic eczema. Atopic eczema is becoming increasingly common, and it is not always known what causes someone to develop atopic conditions. It is a skin condition that causes inflammatory reactions in the body, including the skin. Atopic eczema can be triggered by allergens such as house dust mites or by cow’s milk in the diet. It has not been shown that this condition can be prevented by breastfeeding the child instead of cow’s milk.
As soon as a child goes to daycare or school, he or she will come into contact with infectious diseases, such as chickenpox. This itches terribly and it is difficult for a child to keep his hands off it. If a child is still very small, you can put gloves on him to prevent scratching. For example, you can give older children a cooling bath and use a lotion with aloe vera. The skin can come into contact with irritating chemicals in many ways, for example nickel allergy, which can cause contact dermatitis. Children sometimes fall, causing scrapes and bruises. Keep wounds clean with an antiseptic such as iodine.
Many teenagers suffer from pimples. It is important for them to cleanse the skin properly. For example, a mild soap can be used twice a day. Squeezing pimples can cause infections, which can cause unsightly scars. It is better to blot pimples with a cotton pad with tea tree oil so that they dry out. Girls who begin to accumulate fat in their thighs and buttocks may develop cellulite in those areas. This is completely normal in women, especially those who are overweight. Although it can be disfiguring, perhaps something can be done to reduce it through weight loss or massage. But the orange peel usually will not disappear.
The skin starts to calm down after the teenage years. For some people, the production of sebum can still be quite high. They may still suffer from pimples, but to a lesser extent than during puberty. Over the course of the twenties, the skin’s renewal process will gradually slow down and around the age of thirty, the first signs of aging will become visible. The skin may become a bit drier and some people see the first wrinkles appear. People in their twenties can slow down the effects of the aging process. The most important thing anyone can do is to avoid excessive exposure to the sun’s UV rays. And if you go out in the sun, apply good sunscreen. Drink enough, about 2.5 liters per day to maintain the fluid balance. Smoking causes premature skin aging. It’s better to stop this. Cleanse your skin daily with a moisturizer or lotion.
In people in their thirties, the signs of the aging process are often clearly visible. The number of collagen and elastic fibers that keep the skin taut decreases. For example, lines around the eyes become visible because the skin becomes drier, making the skin’s protective layer less strong. Broken veins form small red spots. And laugh lines are deeper on the side you often lie on. The changes in lifestyle are no longer that drastic, but stress can still have a major influence. Use a sunscreen with a high factor (at least 15) and cleanse your skin daily with a moisturizing product. Eye creams and gels can also be useful at this stage.
If you have always been good to your skin, especially if you have not been exposed to excessive sun exposure and are in good health, the signs of aging will be less visible. The lines around the eyes become deeper and wrinkles appear in the forehead. Some get age spots. The skin becomes thinner after the age of 45 and looks less firm. There are fewer blood vessels in the skin, causing the youthful glow to disappear. Use products with a moisturizing effect especially at this age. A rich moisturizing lotion can help to invigorate tired, dull skin and improve its texture.
The changes in skin appearance that begin in our fifties continue into our sixties and well beyond. As you get older, the skin will become drier and weaker and more wrinkles will appear. Blood circulation slows down, causing the skin to become slightly lighter in color. This is noticeable in wounds that heal more slowly. Most people over 60 find that a moisturizer or lotion is the best way to care for their skin.
There are several factors that play a role in getting gray hair, such as heredity, age and lifestyle. There are people who get their first gray hair in their twenties, but there are also people in their fifties with almost no gray hair. A healthy diet, little stress and no smoking are external influences that can slow down the graying process of the hair. But if it is in your genes to go gray prematurely, dyeing your hair will be the solution to do something about it.