We are all familiar with the phenomenon that there is a pressure difference with the inside of the ears. Every time you take off in an airplane, there is tension on the auditory membrane due to an increasing air pressure difference. Just swallow or suck on some acid and it will be resolved. There is a connection between the nose and the ear, so that ventilation can take place. If there are problems with the Eustachian tube, it can affect the ear. What causes tinnitus with earache and what can be done about it?
Tinnitus due to blocked Eustachian tube
- Where is it?
- Purpose of the tube
- Persistent pain and tinnitus
- Use of nasal spray
- An inflamed inner ear
- Difference with ménière
- Echo in your head
Where is it?
After the ear canal, sound travels to the eardrum. The vibration is taken over by the hammer and anvil, after which the information is transmitted to the cochlea. Immediately after the eardrum there is an opening at the bottom of the space behind it, which leads to the nose. This connection, called the Eustachian tube, is closed by default, but is opened briefly from time to time. However, it may happen that the opening and closing no longer works properly.
Purpose of the tube
If the person swallows or yawns, the tube will open briefly. It ensures that air in the closed space can escape or is supplied, so that the air pressure on both sides of the eardrum is equal. It therefore promotes sound transmission to the hammer and anvil. If the pressure is uneven, you will feel it directly in the ear, and sound may be transmitted incorrectly. In addition to this function, it also ensures that grease and moisture are removed from the inside of the ear.
Persistent pain and tinnitus
The condition regularly occurs in people who go swimming. Water enters the nose, which can cause the connection to become inflamed. It ensures that air is removed less effectively. Moisture can also accumulate in the ear space without being able to escape. It can cause predominant tinnitus. The pressure causes strain on the eardrum and affects other parts of the ear. It can lead to temporary deafness until the connection to the nose opens again.
Use of nasal spray
If it concerns a clogged tube, a simple nasal spray may be able to provide a solution. The purpose of a nasal spray is to open things up again, so that mucus can flow again. Use the nasal spray so that you can achieve a properly functioning pipe again. Please note that if this does not help, it may not be a simple condition. Infections can affect the inside of the ear with all its consequences. Always make sure that you contact your doctor.
An inflamed inner ear
In addition to a clogged pipe, there may also be an inflamed ear. An infection can cause a lot of damage. To prevent it from causing permanent damage, antibiotics should be taken. If you have severe ear pain, always go to the doctor to be sure. After taking the right medication, the pain will decrease in a few days, because fluid can be drained naturally again.
Difference with ménière
A tight connection is almost always a temporary condition that causes ringing or pain. If you always suffer from it, possibly combined with dizziness and general discomfort, then you may have ménière’s. The vestibular organ in the ears consists of horizontal and vertical tubes filled with fluid. When the head moves back and forth or up and down, the fluid moves along hairs. This way the brain can register movement. In Ménière’s, there is a connection between the two, causing fluids to be exchanged, resulting in the balance disorder.
Echo in your head
The opposite is also possible. The tube is open for a long time or too far. It means that there is a continuous connection to the nose, allowing the eardrum to be bombarded with sound from both sides. It can cause the vibrations to persist, seemingly making sounds last longer. It also ensures that sound that has already passed can reverberate and hit the eardrum again a fraction later. It means that an echo is created, so that you hear everything for a long time and often.
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