Cellulitis: inflammation of the skin

Cellulite is an inflammation of the skin and should not be confused with another cellulite: pits in the skin. A bacterium is the cause of this inflammation. The skin also looks inflamed: red, warm, and swollen. This often also occurs with underlying diseases such as arthritis. It is not always necessary to treat, sometimes the inflammation disappears on its own.

Inflammation of the skin

Cellulite is an inflammation of the skin itself and the underlying tissue. The subcutaneous connective tissue is the dividing layer between skin and muscles and tendons. The dermis is the middle layer of the skin, and the epidermis is the top layer. With cellulite, these layers are inflamed. Inflammation of the skin occurs in different forms. For example, there is a sterile skin inflammation such as eczema, and a skin inflammation caused by micro-organisms such as cellulitis.

Cause

Cellulitis is caused by an infection with a bacteria. Usually these are the streptococci. Streptococci cause various diseases such as scarlet fever, meningitis, laryngitis but also cellulitis. Dandruff is a form of cellulite. Sometimes cellulitis is caused by staphylococci. Cellulitis is not contagious and cannot be transmitted from person to person.
Cellulite can disappear and later return. This is often seen in people with diabetes. People with eczema also suffer from recurring cellulitis more often. Sometimes it is not even clearly recognizable because the symptoms of eczema can be just as serious as those of cellulitis. People with athlete’s foot are also more likely to develop cellulite. Overweight people are also more likely to experience these inflammations. In addition, overweight people are also more likely to suffer from the other form of cellulite: orange peel peel. Pregnant women are also more prone to cellulite.

Symptoms

An inflammation of the skin is often recognizable by redness, swelling and warmth. The skin may also feel painful. Cellulite sometimes looks very similar to other skin infections, which are not always caused by a microorganism. There is often a wound on the skin through which the bacteria have entered. The redness and pain is most severe around this wound. These symptoms can spread further to other areas of the skin. Sometimes the inflammation becomes serious and turns into an abscess. Because the bacteria secrete a toxin, cells die and dead immune cells accumulate. A cavity forms under the skin that fills with pus. Pus consists of dead immune cells (white blood cells), dead cells and dead bacteria. In addition, the cavity is filled with fluid that can be thick to watery. Sometimes cellulite heals on its own, when the body has sufficient defenses. The immune system can be affected by factors such as illness, smoking, incorrect diet, etc. People with a poor immune system suffer from cellulite more often and for a longer period of time.

Therapy

Treatment is not always necessary. In half of the cases, cellulite nests on its own. However, cellulite can return, sometimes in a more serious form. If cellulitis does not disappear on its own or turns into an abscess, treatment is recommended. The inflammation should be left alone as much as possible. Rubbing and scratching it only increases inflammation. In addition, antibiotics are prescribed in most cases. The patient usually receives a course of antibiotics that must be taken for several days. Completing the treatment is very important. If the treatment is not completed, bacteria remain behind and can become active again. In addition, these bacteria have built up a resistance to antibiotics and the infection is much more difficult to combat.
An abscess must be opened after maturation. This is necessary to allow the inflammatory fluid to drain. Left untreated, severe cellulitis can develop into blood poisoning or inflammation of muscles, bones or other tissues. The bacteria under the skin spread easily throughout the body via the bloodstream. This mainly happens when cellulite does not heal on its own within the foreseeable future and increases in severity. In severe cases, the bacteria even reach the brain and cause damage. This mainly occurs when cellulite is located around the eye.
To prevent cellulite in the future, it is important that wounds are cleaned and disinfected immediately. This reduces the risk of bacteria entering. People who have had cellulite before are at increased risk of developing cellulite again. It is certainly important for these people to immediately disinfect every wound or cut and to continue to monitor developments.

read more

  • Cellulite or cellulite: orange peel peel
  • Dandruff, bell dandruff: contagious, symptoms and treatment
  • Eczema and its treatment
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