Mucosal inflammation in the nose due to chronic colds

If you suffer from a blocked nose, runny nose, sneezing and tickling in the nose for a long time, it may be that the nasal mucosa is inflamed and that you suffer from chronic nasal complaints. This can have various causes, for example due to hypersensitivity or using nose drops for too long. An irritated nasal mucosa can cause the nose to become blocked or runny. How can you best tackle this annoying ailment?

Long-term inflamed nasal mucosa

If you keep getting complaints or suffer from a blocked nose, snotty nose, tickling in the nose and sneezing for a long time, then the nasal mucosa is inflamed for a long time and you have chronic nasal complaints. Although the complaints can be annoying, it is not always necessary to do something about them.

Complaints

When there is a cold, it manifests itself in a stuffy nose where the mucous membranes in the nose swell. This gives an unpleasant feeling of pressure. If there is a bacterial infection in the sinuses, the immune system causes swelling in the area around the nose. As the complaints become more chronic, thicker discharge (snot) occurs. The inflammation can also spread to the adjacent cavities. Frequent blowing can cause snot to get into the cavities. This can cause headaches and other pain complaints.

Causes

There is usually a hypersensitivity to certain irritating substances. The nasal mucosa will react after contact with the substance by producing more mucus and swelling. This can cause the nose to run or become blocked. The nose can also become blocked as a result of certain medications. Be careful with long-term use of nasal drops and nasal sprays that contain the substance xylometazoline, as this can irreparably damage the nasal mucosa. If you always blow your nose too hard, the mucous membrane can also become irritated. This gives bacteria the opportunity to strike.

Hypersensitivity

Many people with chronic nasal complaints react strongly to stimuli that other people are not or hardly bothered by, such as: cold, cigarette smoke, exertion, smell of perfume, paint smell and baking smell. If mucous membranes overreact to substances, an allergy may be present. For example, people can be allergic to dust mites, grass pollen, mold or pet dander. In that case, try to avoid the substances as much as possible and keep the house as clean as possible.

Avoid irritating substances

If you are a smoker, it is better to quit smoking. It is also better not to smoke secondhand, because cigarette smoke can irritate the nasal mucosa. This way you can also avoid other stimuli that irritate your nose. If you suspect an allergy, get tested. A blood test can show what you are allergic to. If necessary, a treatment plan can then be drawn up.

Medicines

If there is a long-term inflamed nasal mucosa, you can use medicines in some cases. A few examples are mentioned below:

Nasal spray with adrenal cortex hormones

Adrenal cortex hormones (corticosteroids) in a nasal spray are used if there are long-term complaints as a result of an allergy. It has an anti-inflammatory effect and reduces hypersensitivity reactions. Swelling of the nasal mucosa is also prevented. Examples include: beclometasone , budesonide , flunisolide , fluticasone and triamcinolone acetonide .

Against allergy

Anti-allergy medicines (antihistamines) block the action of the substance histamine that is released during an allergic reaction. These are also available in nasal spray form. Examples include: azelastine and levocabastine . You can also be given a drug that makes you insensitive to the stimulus. This medicine contains a small amount of a substance to which you are allergic. This allows the body to slowly get used to it, so that you will react less strongly to it in the future.

Homeopathic remedies

Especially if you are awake because of a stuffy nose, it can be nice to take something that eases breathing. For example, if you have a chronic nose cold, you can use Cinuforce nasal spray with menthol, eucalyptus and chamomile (from A. Vogel) for a long time. This can help quickly and is gentle on the nose because of the natural ingredients.

Nasal drops

Nasal drops containing xylometazoline work quickly. It causes the mucous membrane in the nose to shrink, allowing you to breathe freely again quickly. Once the drops have worn off, the mucous membrane will swell again. This may make you tempted to use drops again. In the longer term, more and more is needed for the same effect and it can even be addictive. Ultimately, it can lead to irreparable damage because the mucous membrane changes and damages the cilia in the nose. Therefore, do not use these nose drops or spray for longer than a week.

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