Chronic condition, asthma

Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways. Especially of the lower respiratory tract, namely the lungs. People with asthma have difficulty breathing, are often short of breath, have a wheezing sound when breathing or often have to cough.

What is asthma?

When you breathe, you draw oxygen into your lungs. This oxygen is put into your blood in your lungs. When you breathe through your nose or mouth, the air goes through tubes (bronchi) to your lungs. When you have asthma, things don’t go well. Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease. People with asthma can also become short of breath due to or after physical exertion. This is called ‘exercise asthma’. Strong emotions, stress and sadness can also cause shortness of breath. There are also stimuli that could affect anyone, such as cigarette smoke or certain strong perfumes. People with asthma often react more strongly to this and become short of breath. Asthma is therefore often caused by allergic stimuli that someone with asthma inhales.

Examples of substances that cause asthma are:

  • The dust mites in house dust
  • Dander from animals such as cats, dogs, guinea pigs, rabbits and birds
  • Pollen or pollen from species of plants, grasses or trees
  • Mold spores

It is therefore important that if you have asthma, you live in a hygienically clean house. Especially in your own bedroom. Vacuum every day and dust your bedroom every day, so that dust mites don’t have a chance. You will notice that you are less bothered by the symptoms of asthma.
Asthma is hereditary. Often if one of the parents has asthma, the child has a 50% chance of developing asthma. If both parents have asthma, the child has a 70% chance of developing asthma.
Many people wonder whether you will ever get rid of asthma. The answer to that is no. You can never really get rid of asthma. Asthma is a disease that you are born with a predisposition to. With the medication (anti-inflammatory drugs), the complaints can virtually disappear, so that you rarely suffer from them anymore. But if you stop taking these medications, the symptoms will return. It is often claimed that children can outgrow asthma. This is also not true. The complaints always return later in life. There are periods when it bothers you a little more, and then a little less. This is different for every person.

Medicines for asthma

The most important medications are bronchodilators and anti-inflammatories. Unfortunately, there are no medications for asthma that will make you completely better, the medications ensure that you suffer less from asthma. Bronchodilators contain a substance that relaxes the muscles surrounding the airways. This allows air to flow more easily in and out of the lungs. You can then breathe more easily and the squeaking will also decrease a lot and in some cases even disappear completely. Anti-inflammatories reduce inflammation and swelling. They make your lungs less sensitive to triggers that can give you an allergic reaction.

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