Problems retaining fluid: diabetes insipidus

The human body consists largely of fluids to function properly and to prevent dehydration. In order to continue in a healthy way, we need to consume approximately two liters of fluid per day. However, there are circumstances where much more fluid must be consumed to prevent dehydration. What does diabetes insipidus mean and what causes fluid retention problems?

Diabetes insipidus

  • Different shapes
  • Disturbed thought and fluid addiction
  • Hormonal changes
  • Influence of albumin
  • Disrupted ADH hormone levels
  • Additional problems with diabetes insipidus


Different shapes

The condition is not related to normal diabetes, but has a similar name. It is a very rare condition where the following distinction is made:

  • the variant generated by the person himself. How much fluid we take depends partly on how much fluid we think we need. A rapid dry mouth makes us think that we are not consuming enough fluid, while this does not have to be the case. Occasionally moistening the mouth and/or lips may be sufficient, instead of taking in plenty of water;
  • excessive thirst during pregnancy;
  • damage to the brain due to hereditary factors, surgery or cancer that disrupts hormone production;
  • disturbed kidney function.

There are various reasons for these different forms, as a result of which the body can retain less fluid. It results in an increase in fluid intake. What could be the related causes?

Disturbed thoughts and fluid addiction

We determine how much fluid we consume, but an incorrect balance in terms of satisfaction can arise. A dry mouth is a sign for everyone that something needs to be drunk. The constant thought that there is a dry mouth or too little water intake can lead to overabundance. Only then will the body be satisfied. The condition should be broken as soon as possible, because it can be potentially life-threatening.

Hormonal changes

If the woman becomes pregnant, the hormone balance changes completely in favor of the growth of the child. An important aspect is the strong increase in the HCG hormone, which creates a separation between nutrition for the child and the woman. The woman must live on the stored fats, while the child also receives energy and substances from freshly ingested food. A degree of salinization may occur (partly caused by fat burning), against which the unborn fetus must be protected. The body wants to remove more substances (salt, poison, acids and other minerals), which increases the fluid demand. It ensures that unwanted minerals are effectively removed. This condition can persist for several weeks after delivery.

Influence of albumin

An important component of blood is albumin. It has the important function of keeping fluids linked to blood cells. Blood is liquid if there is sufficient fluid in the blood plasma so that the body can function properly. Its purpose is to supply all muscles, tissues and organs with sufficient oxygen-rich blood. If there is an imbalance in this (micro-albuminuria), fluid can partially escape, increasing the demand for fluid intake. Excessive moisture is drained and must be replenished with new fluids. Several diseases can cause abnormal drainage, affecting kidney function. Loss of reuse leads to increased fluid intake.

Disrupted ADH hormone levels

The ADH hormone is also related to the foregoing. The hypothalamus located at the bottom of the brain produces this hormone. If a problem arises in the organ, the ADH balance can be disrupted. It is then comparable to alcohol intake, where the hormone is switched off. It ensures that the kidneys no longer recycle fluid, causing an increase in fluid drainage.

Additional problems with diabetes insipidus

Consciously or unconsciously taking too much fluid and/or drinks causes substances in the body to be flushed away. More vitamins and minerals are removed naturally, which means that the body cannot absorb sufficient substances. This rinsing ensures that many processes are less well supported, which can increase the proportion of unexplained disorders over time. Anemia can also be caused by microalbuminuria, with all its consequences.
If you have to take a lot of fluid per day, this may be an urgent circumstance. The body does not retain enough fluid and this must be medically assessed. Go to the GP post for additional advice about your specific complaints.

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