Nasal cold

Everyone knows sneezing, coughing and a runny nose. One of the most common illnesses in the Netherlands, the common cold. What types of colds are there? How can I treat it most effectively? How can I prevent it? This article will answer these questions.

Nasal disorders

There are various nasal conditions. For example, runny nose, sinusitis, rhinitis and allergic rhinitis. The conditions are explained one by one below.

Nasal cold

This is one of the most common diseases. The cause is an infection with the common cold virus, which is also called the rhinovirus. There are so many different types of this virus known that it is almost impossible to treat the virus specifically. The result of this is that the body’s resistance decreases. Not everyone catches a cold from this virus. If the body has sufficient resistance, the virus will not get through. It is not wise to immediately start using a drug to prevent swelling of the nasal membrane. Since the body does this itself to stop the virus. Because the body allows the mucous membranes to swell and nasal mucus to secrete, the bacteria or viruses cannot proceed further into the airway. A normal nose cold disappears after a maximum of 14 days. This can be recognized by clear mucus.


As a result of the above, the nasal mucosa can become inflamed. We call this rhinitis. There are two types of nasal mucositis.
Infectious rhinitis is caused by bacteria that penetrate the weakened nasal mucosa and cause inflammation. This can be recognized by green/yellowish mucus.
Non-infectious rhinitis is caused by other factors. There are three types that are non-infectious. Namely seasonal (hay fever). It is also caused by chronic allergies. And then there is chronic non-allergic rhinitis. This means that the inflammatory process continues without a specific substance being identifiable as the cause.


Sinuses are hollow spaces behind the nose. These are behind the nose, in the upper jaw and in the forehead. The mucous membrane extends to the cavities. This ensures that the areas remain clean. If the mucous membrane is inflamed, the sinuses are affected. This causes sinusitis, which is medically called sinusitis. This inflammation is accompanied by swelling of the mucous membrane, increased pressure and pain. It can be prevented by blowing the nose correctly. This means blowing one nostril at a time and not blowing too forcefully.

How to cure?

There are several medicines that combat the above diseases. We call this rhinologica. There are different forms of administration. There are nasal drops, nasal spray or inhalation products. Never use these medicines for longer than seven days. This can result in chronic irritation. Before use, first clean the nostrils with a handkerchief. There are a few rules for using nasal spray and nose drops.

  • Make sure that the pipette does not touch the inside of the nose, otherwise there is a chance that the contents of the bottle will become contaminated.
  • When administering drops, tilt your head slightly back and insert the drops, then sniff them well, do not swallow them.
  • When administering the spray, keep the head upright or bend slightly forward. While spraying, simultaneously breathe through your nose and close the other nostril.

The following rules apply to inhalable products.

  • Several times a day, put a teaspoon of ointment or a capsule in a bowl of hot water. Place a cloth over your head and bowl and inhale the vapor as deeply as possible for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Several times a day, especially before going to sleep, rub the back, chest and neck with ointment and cover warmly. In children, apply only to the chest and back.
  • Never apply in the nose or eyes.



A cold is almost impossible to prevent. Only the consequences can be prevented by treating the common cold correctly. Then drip the nose with salt water. You can easily prepare this yourself by mixing one level teaspoon of salt in a lemonade glass with water. There are also saltwater sprays. Try to steam and not smoke during the runny nose.

Scroll to Top