Dangerous diseases

Epidemics are coming again, new diseases are spreading. Only a few people are protected against these diseases. Anyone who does not get vaccinated risks their life. You can read here how you get the disease, what the symptoms and risks are and who should be vaccinated.

Diseases you don’t have to get

Diphtheria

How do I get the disease? : Transmission occurs from person to person, for example through coughing or sneezing. There is a danger of catching fire in many tropical areas and Eastern European countries.
Symptoms and risks : Sore throat, complaints when swallowing, throat swells, difficulty breathing. In the worst case, the brain or heart is damaged. Without immediate treatment, this disease can be fatal.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone. The vaccination against Diphtheria must be taken every 10 years.

Tickborne encephalitis / TBE (Tickborne encephalitis)

How do I get the disease? : Due to a tick bite. More than 90% of victims contract the virus during their free time.
Symptoms and risks : Fever, headache, meningitis, spinal cord inflammation with permanent paralysis and concentration disorders. Can be fatal in 10% of all cases.
Who should get vaccinated? : Anyone who travels in regions where this disease occurs and who spends a lot of time in nature.

Cervical cancer

How do I get the disease? : Due to unsafe sex. The cancer-containing substance HPV is transmitted in this way.
Symptoms and risks : In the early stages there are no complaints, which is why a cervical smear (PAP test) is so important. The disease can be fatal.
Who should get vaccinated? : All girls from 12 to 17 years old. So far it is unclear whether older women also benefit from the vaccination.

Flu/Influenza

How do I get the disease? : The influenza virus is transmitted from person to person by sneezing and coughing.
Symptoms and risks : High fever, headache, cough, complications such as pneumonia, inflammation of the heart muscle.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone over 60, medical staff and people with diabetes or cardiovascular disease. The vaccination should be taken every year in the fall.

Hepatitis A

How do I get the disease? : The liver inflammation is caused by drinks or food that are contaminated with Hepatitis A virus. For example, mussels, tap water, ice, unpeeled fruit.
Symptoms and risks : Circulatory problems, gastrointestinal complaints, diarrhea, fatigue, skin and eyes turn yellow. The disease can last several months.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone traveling in risk areas: Southern and Eastern Europe, the tropics.

Hepatitis B

How do I get the disease? : The virus is contained in body fluids, which is transmitted through sexual or blood contact.
Symptoms and risks : The course is more severe than Hepatitis A and the disease can become chronic. It can result in liver cancer or liver disease.
Who should get vaccinated? : All children from the age of three, medical staff, chronically ill, homosexual, drug dependent.

Whooping cough

How do I get the disease? : The bacteria are transmitted through the air, for example by coughing or sneezing. Infants are especially susceptible.
Symptoms and risks : Mild fever, cold, after about 2 weeks the coughing starts, leading to choking attacks and the danger of respiratory arrest comes into play. This disease can be fatal.
Who should get vaccinated? : All children and young people, people who have close contact with infants.

Polio

How do I get the disease? : Polio can be transmitted through the air or through food. The virus is also on the rise again in holiday countries such as Africa or Asia.
Symptoms and risks : Initially there are flu symptoms, then the nervous system is affected (meningitis). Polio can lead to permanent paralysis and even death.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone. Unvaccinated travelers can import the virus and cause a new polio wave.

The measles

How do I get the disease? : The highly infectious virus is spread through the air. Coughing, sneezing, speaking.
Symptoms and risks : Fever, cough, after about 3 days a rash appears behind the ears, neck, face, shoulders. In some cases serious complications occur, leading to death.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone. The vaccination is against measles, mumps and rubella .

Mumps

How do I get the disease? : This disease is transmitted by coughing and sneezing.
Symptoms and risks : Fever, no hunger, swelling of salivary glands. Risks: hearing loss, deafness. A possible consequence of this disease is infertility.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone. The vaccination is against measles, mumps and rubella .

Rubella

How do I get the disease? : The Red Dog is transmitted by coughing, sneezing and speaking.
Symptoms and risks : Cough, cold, mild fever, rash all over the body for 2 to 3 days. Pregnant women are at high risk! The Red Dog can severely damage the embryo.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone. The vaccination is against measles, mumps and rubella .

Meningococcal

How do I get the disease? : Through close contact, for example through kissing, but also through coughing and sneezing. The bacteria can cause serious meningitis. Meningococcus can cause death in a few hours.
Symptoms and risks : High fever, unbearable headache, spots on the skin, stiff neck.
Who should get vaccinated? : All children and young people.

Pneumococcal

How do I get the disease? : Pneumococci are bacteria that are spread by coughing, for example, and cause various diseases. For example, pneumonia and meningitis.
Symptoms and risks : Symptoms of flu, stitches in the chest, shortness of breath. Pneumococcal disease can lead to death within 48 hours. Children and the elderly are especially susceptible.
Who should get vaccinated? : All children and adults over 60 years old.

Chicken-pox

How do I get the disease? : Transmission takes place through the air, coughing, sneezing and speaking.
Symptoms and risks : Fever, blisters, itching. Children often do not experience any complications during chickenpox. Chickenpox is life-threatening for adults: pneumonia and meningitis.
Who should get vaccinated? : All children, unvaccinated young people aged 9 to 17 years, women who wish to have children, medical staff.

Tetanus

How do I get the disease? : The agents of tetanus are located on the bottom and enter the blood through a wound.
Symptoms and risks : Headache, listlessness, cramps and paralysis throughout the body. Every third victim suffocates.
Who should get vaccinated? : Everyone. The vaccination must be renewed every 10 years.

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