Colds, how can you prevent and cure this?

A cold is an acute superficial inflammation of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract. It is caused by a virus and there are hundreds of different cold viruses. These viruses enter the body through the nose and descend to the nasopharynx, where the common cold usually begins. Many people get at least one cold every year.

Symptoms of a cold

We speak of a cold when the patient is snotty, coughs, has watery eyes and a sore throat. Smell and taste are often disturbed and in adults there may be a slight increase. Fever also occurs in children. The symptoms often diminish after a few days and after a week most people are completely healed.

Chronic cold

Children in particular often seem to have a chronic cold. This is of course not the case, but small children in particular often become infected by one cold virus after another and then it seems as if they have a continuous cold. Unfortunately there is not much you can do about this, by undergoing these colds they build up a better immune system.

Difference between cold and flu

Flu is caused by a different and much more dangerous virus, the influenza virus. There is often severe muscle pain, fever, chills, headache and general malaise (a general feeling of being ill). The often high fever can last up to 4 days. Flu can cause complications for the elderly, diabetes patients, people with heart, kidney or lung disease. They have the option of getting a flu shot. There are no complications with a cold.

Preventing colds

The best way to prevent colds is not to come into contact with other people, but since most people have no talent for hermit life, colds are just part of life. You can reduce the risk by not smoking, washing your hands a lot, getting enough fresh air, a good night’s sleep, lots of exercise, drinking enough and extra vitamin C when people around you have a cold. More colds occur in autumn and winter due to the large temperature difference between indoors and outdoors. This means the body will have more work to do to keep its internal temperature constant and less attention to fighting viruses. Stress and an unhealthy lifestyle can also increase the risk of infection.

“Cure” colds

If the cold causes many complaints, you can use Paracetamol. It is often advised to take extra vitamin C, drink a lot (no coffee or tea, herbal tea is allowed), if necessary. Echinaforce from Dr. A. Vogel to increase resistance or Cinuforce (in nasal spray or tablets) also from Dr. A. Vogel. Steaming with chamomile or menthol provides relief for some people, but it is recommended NOT to do this for young children. Do not give small children aspirin or other painkillers containing acetylsalicylic acid.
Another home remedy: spicy food with lots of onions and garlic and drinking broth helps with cold complaints.

What helps with a sore throat?

Gargle with salt water (1 teaspoon in 300 ml of warm water), suck on a licorice or pickle, a toddy with warm water, lemon and honey.

What helps with a stuffy nose?

Nasal spray with physiological saline solution or Xylometazoline. Do not use for more than 5 days in a row. If used for longer periods of time, the nasal spray can cause permanent damage to the nasal mucosa.

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  • Home remedies for cough and sore throat
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