Gestational hypertension high blood pressure during pregnancy

Gestational hypertension means that you have elevated blood pressure during pregnancy. High blood pressure can be dangerous for both mother and child. This can even be so bad that the child is better off outside the mother’s womb, and labor must be induced. But how do you know if you suffer from high blood pressure? And are there things you can do yourself to lower blood pressure again? There are a number of factors that increase the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy. You can read all about this in this article.

What is gestational hypertension?

Gestational hypertension occurs when blood pressure is elevated after the twentieth week of pregnancy, and if the blood pressure was normal before then. If someone already suffered from high blood pressure before pregnancy, there is a good chance that this will further manifest itself during pregnancy. But in the case of gestational hypertension, the high blood pressure is purely due to the pregnancy itself, and is therefore only developed later in the pregnancy. Furthermore, after giving birth, blood pressure will also drop automatically in the case of gestational hypertension. The drop in blood pressure lasts up to 3 days.

Checking blood pressure

Blood pressure will be measured at every check-up with the midwife. Normally, blood pressure during pregnancy is slightly lower than normal. But in about 10% of women, blood pressure is higher. With normal blood pressure, the negative pressure is between 70 and 80. When the negative pressure is higher than 90, the blood pressure is too high! If you have high blood pressure several times in a row, you will be referred to the gynecologist. The gynecologist will carry out a number of checks to determine the condition of the child. This is done by testing the urine, taking blood samples and making a CTG scan. If it turns out that the baby is doing well, you do not need to continue receiving treatment from the gynecologist. you can then simply return to the midwife. You’ll keep a closer eye on them there. If the examination shows that your child’s condition is deteriorating, you will probably be admitted to hospital to monitor the situation for a longer period of time.


High blood pressure can have consequences for your child. Because less blood flows through the placenta, the baby’s growth may lag behind. The child receives fewer nutrients and oxygen. Furthermore, gestational hypertension can cause premature birth. This is mainly because allowing the pregnancy to continue poses too much danger to mother and child. It is then often decided to induce labor. Furthermore, children of mothers who have had gestational hypertension are more susceptible to infections.


The following symptoms may indicate that you suffer from high blood pressure.

  • Presence of protein in the urine
  • Retention of moisture in hands, feet and face.
  • Pressing feeling in the upper abdomen (as if there is a tight band around it)
  • Headache
  • Nauseous
  • Vomit
  • Seeing stars or flashes
  • Tingling fingers
  • Less need to urinate
  • Feeling the baby move less

Some women are more likely to develop gestational hypertension than others. The risk of gestational hypertension is greater if:

  • A first pregnancy
  • Overweight
  • High age during pregnancy (over 35 years)
  • Low age during pregnancy (under 20 years)
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • Had gestational hypertension during a previous pregnancy
  • Family members who have suffered from gestational hypertension
  • A pregnancy that is caused by donor sperm
  • Kidney disease in the mother
  • Heart disease in the mother
  • Diabetes in the mother
  • Thyroid disorders in the mother.

Be sure to listen to your body during pregnancy! You often sense best when something is wrong, or when you need to take it easy.

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